IRS POST-FILING PROCESSES SIMULATION MODELING: A COMPARISON OF DES WITH ECONOMETRIC MICROSIMULATION IN TAX ADMINISTRATION Arnold Greenland, Erica Layne Morrison, David Connors, John L. Guyton, Michael Sebastiani, 2007 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC’07), Washington D.C., December 9-12, 2007

IRS Office of Research Headquarters measures and models taxpayer burden, defined as expenditures of time and money by taxpayers to comply with the federal tax system. In this research activity, IRS created two microsimulation models using econometric techniques to enable the Service to produce annual estimates of taxpayer compliance burden for individual and small business populations. Additionally, a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) model was developed to represent taxpayer activities and IRS administration in postfiling processes.
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A Modern Simulation Approach for Pharmaceutical Portfolio Management Kirk Solo and Mark Paich. International Conference on Health Sciences Simulation (ICHSS'04), January 18 - 21, 2004, San Diego, California, USA

By creating an integrated simulation environment that models the underlying structure of a pharmaceutical enterprise portfolio it becomes possible to identify the optimal longitudinal allocation of finite resources across the constellation of available investment opportunities. The implementation of a hybrid approach that integrates multiple modeling techniques and analytic disciplines allows for a comprehensive environment that captures the underlying dynamics that drive observed market behavior. The implementation of an object oriented model structure constrains the models complexity by supporting dynamic re-use of both structure and logic.
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Modeling General Motors and the North American Automobile Market Philip T. Keenan and Mark Paich. The 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, July 25 - 29, 2004, Oxford, England

This article discusses General Motors’ North American Enterprise Model, a system dynamics model of the entire North American automobile market. The Enterprise Model takes a broad look across the corporation and its marketplace, combining internal activities such as engineering, manufacturing and marketing with external factors such as competition for consumer purchases in the new and used vehicle marketplaces. Eight groups of manufacturers compete monthly for a decade across eighteen vehicle segments, making segment-by-segment decisions about price, volume and investment.
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From System Dynamics and Discrete Event to Practical Agent Based Modeling: Reasons, Techniques, Tools Andrei Borshchev and Alexei Filippov. The 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, July 25 - 29, 2004, Oxford, England

This paper may be considered as a practical reference for those who wish to add (now sufficiently matured) Agent Based modeling to their analysis toolkit and may or may not have some System Dynamics or Discrete Event modeling background. We focus on systems that contain large numbers of active objects (people, business units, animals, vehicles, or even things like projects, stocks, products, etc. that have timing, event ordering or other kind of individual behavior associated with them). We compare the three major paradigms in simulation modeling: System Dynamics, Discrete Event and Agent Based Modeling with respect to how they approach such systems. We show in detail how an Agent Based model can be built from an existing System Dynamics or a Discrete Event model and then show how easily it can be further enhanced to capture much more complicated behavior, dependencies and interactions thus providing for deeper insight in the system being modeled.
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Spatial Dynamics of Social Network Evolution Sara Metcalf and Mark Paich. The 23rd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, July 17 - 21, 2005, Boston, USA

This paper explores the problem of fragmenting social networks enabled by spatial distancing between distinct socioeconomic classes. Such fragmentation is evidenced by the experience of urban sprawl without population growth. We develop a prototype model to examine the spatial dynamics of social network evolution in the face of neighborhood migration. This model draws upon the small world analogy by using an initial template of connections that are “rewired” over time. Spatially, connections are established for neighborhood proximity. Socially, connections are added based upon similarity of economic class.
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A Spatio Temporal Simulation Model for Evaluating Delinquency and Crime Policies Sergio E. Quijada, Juan F. Arcas, Cristian Renner, and Luis Rabelo. 2005 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC’05), December 4-7, Orlando, FL, USA

System Dynamics, has been useful for a variety of disciplines; however, it has limitations in showing a geographical representation of the models under study. This paper proposes a methodology based on layered vectors which allows the use a city’s census information to feed a Geographic Information System (GIS). The GIS objects implemented into System Dynamics and located at coordinates X.Y.Z become the entry parameters for the simulation.
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Multimethod Simulation Modeing using AnyLogic Andrei Borshchev, INFORMS Roundtable Meeting Fall 2007, Seattle, USA

The presentation shows you how to develop simulation models, choose abstraction level and methodology.
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Decreased length of stay after addition of healthcare provider in emergency department triage Theodore Eugene Day, Abdul Rahim Al-Roubaie, Eric Jonathan Goldlust; EMJ Online First, August 22, 2012

The objective of this paper was to determine the effects of adding a healthcare provider in triage on average length of stay (LOS) and proportion of patients with >6 h LOS. The other goal was to assess the accuracy of computer simulation in predicting the magnitude of such effects on these metrics.
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Hybrid simulation of renewable energy generation and storage grids Peter Bazan, Reinhard German, WSC-2012, Berlin

The share of renewable energy sources in energy production is growing steadily. Domestic homes can be equipped with solar panels, micro combined heat and power systems, batteries, and they can become adaptive consumers. They can also deliver energy to the grid and react to the energy supply. This paper presents a hybrid simulation approach for the analysis of a grid of domestic homes equipped with different technological options with respect to efficiency and costs. For energy storage and energy flows the system dynamics modeling paradigm is used whereas control decisions are modeled as statecharts. The highly intermittent solar irradiation and also the electric power and heat demands are implemented as stochastic models. The component-based design allows for quick creation of new case studies. As examples, different homes with batteries, micro combined heat and power systems, or energy carrier carbazole as energy storage are analyzed
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Fully agent based modellings of epidemic spread using AnyLogic Štefan Emrich, Sergej Suslov, Florian Judex. EUROSIM 2007, September 9-13 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

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