Sustainable Development in Surgery: The Health, Poverty, and Equity Impacts of Charitable Surgery in Uganda Mark G. Shrime, Serufusa Sekidde, Allison Linden et al.

The recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals call for the end of poverty and the equitable provision of healthcare. These goals are often at odds, however: health seeking can lead to catastrophic spending, an outcome for which cancer patients and the poor in resource-limited settings are at particularly high risk. How various health policies affect the additional aims of financial wellbeing and equity is poorly understood. This paper evaluates the health, financial, and equity impacts of governmental and charitable policies for surgical oncology in a resource-limited setting. Three charitable platforms for surgical oncology delivery in Uganda were compared to six governmental policies aimed at improving healthcare access. An extended cost-effectiveness analysis using an agent-based simulation model examined the numbers of lives saved, catastrophic expenditure averted, impoverishment averted, costs, and the distribution of benefits across the wealth spectrum.
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An integrated pedestrian behavior model based on extended decision field theory and social force model Hui Xi, Young-Jun Son (The University of Arizona); Seungho Lee (Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.). Proceedings of the 2010 Winter Simulation Conference.

The integrated pedestrian simulation model proposed in this paper allows us to develop a more realistic simulation of pedestrian behaviors at a shopping mall. In particular, consideration of vision of each individual allows us to mimic physical and psychological interactions among the people and the environment more realistically. Similarly, consideration of extended Decision Field Theory allowed us to represent human decision deliberation process. In addition, consideration of a rich set of attributes for the environment as well as people has allowed us to mimic a real shopping mall environment closely. The constructed simulation using AnyLogic software was utilized to conduct several experiments on performance of the mall and scalability of the proposed model.
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